Kayasthas have their lineage to Lord Chitragupta ji, the mythological god assigned to reward the good and punish the bad deed on behalf of Dharmraj. Historically, the existence of Hindu gods and goddesses have been traced through several recent Archaelogical findings and other evidences to ancient Hindu Period of Kushan Era dating back to the first century A.D. onwards throw much light on Chitraguptji Mahar Kayasthas significant contributions to the society as a whole in various fields and intellectual activities can deservingly make them proud while remembering luminous stars like Rishi Vishwamitra, Aryuvedacharya Dhanvantri ji and Sukhein Vaidya, Maha Kavi Shiromani Kali Das, Bhavabhuti, Vishnugupta, and many more illustrious administator-cum-advisers during Golden Age of Gupta Empire and Mithla kings of Patliputra. Raja Todarmal was one of the `Nav Ratans' of Emperor Akbar who founded and gave proper shape to `Revenue System' during Mughal Empire.
Kayathas have been in the forefront of all around canvas of country during the Hindu period, Buddha Era, Muslim Rule or British Raj by preserving highest traditions of Justice and Administration,
religious ethos, cultural values, social reforms and other intellectual pursuits.
After the First War of Independence in 1857 India (Bharat) passed through a peaceful revolution to attain its freedom. No body would believe in the efficacy of the clarion call of non-violence for achieving independence from the British rule. Many voluntary organizations were created to achieve social, economic and religious freedom for the people. The birth of All India Congress Committee, Arya Samaj, Brahmo Samaj and All India Kayastha Conference are worth mentioning.
The trend in society was towards uplift and betterment of humankind and these organizations surely helped in engineering the required changes. India i.e. Bharat or Hindustan was commonly known as a place of Hindus. But Hinduism is not a religion. It is a way of life. It consists of various communities, who together form a society and call themselves Hindus. People have been traditionally following their own social, economic and religious ways of worship. and prayer conquest of distance through better transport availability and explosion of the population, the system started changing and socio-economic exploitation started.
Kayasthas in the country constituted the `braintrust' as they lived in a ` Parivar' where every child is educated as a matter of routine. The educated `intelligentia' thus entered practically in all spheres of life. Renowned historian Kaka Kalekar made a statement that he took Kayastha as a MEASURE i.e. `Pai-mana' for judging `the status of castes and communities' in India.
Having perhaps the maximum percentage of literacy in country, the Kayasthas peculiar and a very special trait has all along been to adopt the latest social norms, languages and life styles etc. while retaining the essence of our great heritage through out the past centuries.
During the Mughal period our ancestors attained high status both in political and administrative fields. During the reign of Emperor Jehangir, the Dewan Balmukund was a Minister. When Sirajuddola was Nawab of Bengal and during the times of Nawab Aliwardi and later on during the period of Lord Clive, many Kayastha Stalwarts held high positions. Raja Ram Narain held the office of Governor, Raja Sitab Rai, Maharaja Janki Prasad and Kali Charan were also Rajas whose references are available in the Mughal history.
Kayasthas were also great warriors. Manik Chand Faujdar who died in the famous Battle of Palasey. Kalyan Singh son of Raja Shitab Rai was poet writing in Persion language. He wrote many literary books. His pen name was "Ashique".
The Britishers continued to bestow the titles of Rajas, Talukdars, Sir and Lords on Kayasthas for their magnificent achievements. Lord S.P. Sinha became a single individual to be Member of House of Lords in British Parliament. This was not only because of `intellect' but the rare quality of honesty and working in deep `trust' that Kayasthas possess. Not only did the Kayasthas enjoy the best of Administrative Positions in running the government from the grass roots.The top, being Patwaris, Peshkars, Tehsildars, Deputy Collectors, Collectors, Secretaries in State and Central governments.
The contributions of Swami Vivekanand ji in `arousing the masses' is immense. If Vivekanand ji had not `enkindled the light'. India would not have attained its independence. His philosophy of `great dignity for mankind', and `way of preaching' inspired millions of people. Vivekanand ji gave the clarion call "how can one rest rest in peace when mother land in chains". His approach for attaining freedom through religion was `to overthrow the rulers including the controllers of religions, who were controlling the country through ridiculous "Rituals and Rooriwad".
All the four Mathadeesh Shankaracharys unitedly called Vivekanand ji a `Harijan'/`untouchable or Shudra' and banned his entry in temples. The Youthful Sanyasi (Vivekanadji) challenged the Shankaracharyas by declaring himself as the "Descendant of Lord Chitragupt ji Maharaj" and calling them to declare him as a "Shudra"—" when during worship Hindus offer the First Flower by saying the hymn, "OM CHITRA GUPTAYA NAMO" .
History of the freedom struggle has not yet been written properly. A lot of research is required. To bring out the truth which can `butter' and `cannot be easily swallowed' by the ruling politicians. Truthful history will recall the Kayasthas Great contributions during the freedom struggle. A book entitled, "THE SPRINGING TIGER" written by German writer HUGH TOYE about SUBASH CHANDER BOSE, high lighting his patriotic deeds and `inspiring accounts' of one of the greatest sons (Saput) of India. He was selected into Britsh Civil Services. When he many contradictions in British administration, he resigned from his lucrative job and joined freedom movement, rose to the position of President in All India Congress. He had to resign because of differences with Mahatma Gandhi. He formed the Revolutionar Party of India and called it as Indian National Army (I.N.A.). He fought with the British and was responsible for flying the National Flag of Independent India in Kohima in Assam.
Other great Kayastha – Deshbhakts
were Sh.B.K.Dutt, Pt. Permnand, Sh Ras Behari Bose, Who ever forget Sh. JAI PRAKASH NARAIN JI? He was the apostle of `SAMPURAN KRANTI' (Total Revolution) and `JAN SATTA' (People's Power). He was a born `crusador and humanist' and great `Socialist'. Sh. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi was aninstitution in himself and was a key man in supporting the `Swatantra Andholan' who gave his life for keeping harmony. Besides, Sh Khudi Ram, Ras Behari Bose, Acharya Narendra Dev, Lala Hardayal, Hamunt Rai and Gopinath Aman.
However, to have a random stocking of the significant role of Kayasthas in the Past and Present Era in all around service Of society at large, a GLOSSARYof great Celebrities would provide a Galaxy of Kayastha luminous
Social Reformers and Saint Philosphers :
In the field of Spiritualism, which started with Swami Vivekanand ji, Raja Ram Mohan Rai, Sri Aurobind Gosh, Rai Sahib Shaligram Mathur, Munshi Sadavart Lal Saheb, Keshav Chander Sen, Shakutla Devi Srivastava, K.L.Bhatnagar, the torch continues to be carried on by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi ji and Mata Nirmla Devi ji, besides many others.
Statesman and National Political Leaders :
Dr Rajindra Prasad ji, First Preisent (Rasterpati) of India, Prime Minister Lal Bhadur Srivastava ji, Sh C.D.Deshmukh, Dr. B.C.Roy ji,Dr. Samournanand ji, Sh Mohan Lal Saxena, Sh Satya Narain Sinha, Sh Raj Bahdur, Prof. Shiben Lal Saxena, Smt. Takeshwari Sinha, Sh Jagdish Prasad Mathur, Sh. Ladli Mohan Nigam, Sh. Maha Maya Prasad, Sh. Jyoti Basu, Sh Mathura Prasad, Biju Patnayak, Nityanand Kanungo.Scientists and Academicians : Sir J.C.Bose, Sir Shanti Sarup Bhatnagar, Lala Har Dayal Mathur, Dr. B.C.Roy, Tara Chand Mathur, Dr Ram Babu Saxena, Dr. Dhindra Varma, Dr. Ram Kumar Varma, Pt. Sunder Lal, Dr. Yudvir Singh, Dr. B.S.Saxena and Dr Krishan Lal and besides many others.
Kayastha Chief Ministers after Indepedence :
Dr B.C.Roy, Sh P.C.Sen, Sh. Prafulla Ghose, Sh.Biju Patnaik,B.P.Challia M.M.Chaudhry, Brjindra Mitra, Sh K.B.Shai, Dr Sampurnanandji, Smt. Sucheta Majumdar (Kriplani), Sh. Shiv Charan Mathur, Sh. Rafulla Mohanta, Sh. Jyoti Basu and Sh. J.P. Patnaik.
Administrator and Civil Servants :
The First Lord S.P.Sinha of Bengal, Dr Sachidanand Sinha, Sir Jawala Prasad Srivastava, Sir Krishan Prasad, Air Chief Marshal P.C.Lal, Sh V.Shankar, Sh K.B.Lal, Sh. Rajeshwar Dayal, Sh Govind Narian, Sh Bhagwan Sahai and lots of many others.
Literary Luminaries –Hindi :
Munshi Prem Chand ji, Virendra Lal Varma, Bhagwati Charan Varma,Sh Harbansh Rai Bachhan ji, Ram Kumar Varma, Gopal Das Neeraj,Kunwar Bahadur Bechain, Bal Sarup Rahi, Bimal Mitra and others.
Literary Luminaries – Urdu :
Raghupati Sahai "Firaq Gorakhpuri", Raja Naval Rai "Wafa", Raja Ganga Pd. "Bhadar",Jawla Prasad "Barq", "Sarur" Jahanabadi, Shankar Dayal "Farhat"
Poetess Lumniaries in Hindi Literature :
Mahadevi Varma, Vidyavati "Kokil", Sumitra Kumari Sinha, Sucheta Sneh,Smt. Sarla Bhatnagar, Madhu Bharatya, Padma Sudhi and lots of many others.
Journalist and Authors :
Tusar Kanti Ghosh, Sufi Lachman Prasad, S.H.Vatsyanyan Agyeya, Dr Dharambir Bharati,Banke Behari Bhatnagar, Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena, Bachan Srivastava, Amrit Rai and lots of many others.
Jurist and Legal luminaries :
Justice Bipin Chandra Pal, Sir Sachidanand Sinha, Justice Narayan Pd Asthana, Chief Justice K.B.Asthana of Uttar Pradesh, Justice Anad Rai Mulla, N.C.Talukdar, Justice Sarju Prasad and many others.
Film Directors :
Sh Bimal Roy, Satayajit Rai, Sh Satyen Bose, Sh Bimal Mitra, Sh Phani Mazumdar, Sh Dalip Bose,Sh Dulal Guha, Sh Aurobindo Sen, Sh Amit Bose and many others.
Film Stars :
Smt Sneh Pradhan, Sh Moti Lal Sagar, Sh Uttpal Dutt,
Super Star Amitabh Bachchan, Shatrughan Sinha, Mala Sinha, Bina Rai, Vidya Sinha, Reena Roy, Kishore Sahu, Muesh Mthur, Shivrnder Sinha, Mohan Sinha, Bhagwan Das, Shddheswari Devi, Shobna Narayan, Sh Sajjan Srivastava, Prem Narain, K.C.Dey
Music Directors and Singers : Sh Ramchander (Chitalkar), Sh Chitragupt, R.D.Burman, S.D.Burman, Salil Chaudhry.